雅思大作文犯罪类话题

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所有的人都希望生活在一个安全的社会中,但是犯罪似乎在全世界都存在。有些人认为,为了解决这个问题,我们需要的是更好的教育,而不是惩罚罪犯。如果想知道雅思大作文犯罪类话题,不妨接着往下看……

雅思大作文犯罪类话题

雅思大作文犯罪类话题

In most countries, prison is the most common solution for the problem of crime. However, the more effectivesolution is to provide people with better education so that they do not become criminals.To what extent do you agree or disagree.

All people hope to live in a secure society, but crimes seem to exist throughout the world. Some people think that to address this problem, what we need is better education for people instead of punishment to criminals. In my point of view, both are essential in the battle against crimes.

There is no denying that sending lawbreakers to prison can contribute to maintaining public security and stability, especially for those who are convicted of grave crimes. After they are deprived of freedom, the criminals would reflect on their behavior and learn a lesson from it, which can effectively prevent them from committing crimes again. The punishment can also have deterrent effects on those potential criminals, who would consider the consequences of violating the law and give up their evil intentions.

However, imprisonment may not achieve the desired result and no matter how serious the penalty is, it seems unlikely to eliminate crimes completely. A large number of people perpetrate crimes because they have little knowledge about the law or basic skills for earning a living. Therefore, the first step is for the general public to receive more education and enhance their awareness about the law. Also, in some cases, if disadvantaged groups could learn some practical skills in school, they would be more likely to support themselves independently and become law-abiding citizens rather than choose to rob or steal.

To summarize, multiple methods are needed to reduce the crime rate. Only by the combination of punishing perpetrators and educating the general public can we build a safe and stable society.

雅思写作犯罪类话题汇总

1.先来说说犯罪份子该如何表达

criminals 名词,罪犯(值得注意的是,该词有形容词性)。

offenders 名词,罪犯,违法者。

convicts 名词,罪犯,囚徒(前段时间很红的一套书《囚徒健身》,“Convict Conditioning”)。

culprits 名词,犯人。同时,本词可以指的是被指控犯罪的人。

outlaws 名词,罪犯,暴徒。也有动词词性,并且为及物动词,译为宣布某事为不合法。

suspect (criminal suspect)名词,犯罪嫌疑人。其实,在法庭最终宣判之前,我们口中的罪犯多数情况下应该用这个词表达,更为严谨。

prisoner 名词,犯人,囚犯。

juvenile criminals 名词,青少年罪犯。

minor criminals 名词,未成年罪犯。

juvenile delinquent / juvenile offender 名词,少年犯,或行为不端的青少年

值得注意的是,其实在雅思写作犯罪类的话题中,未成年人犯罪往往是常见话题。因此后面几个词汇,需要大家重点掌握。

2. 来说说犯罪这件事该如何表达,要注意词性标注

commit a crime (commit crimes) 动宾,犯罪

violate the law / break the law 动宾,犯罪,违法

offend against the law 动宾,违法

violent crimes / non-violent crimes 形容词+名词,暴力犯罪/非暴力犯罪

delinquent behaviors / illegal acts / lawless behaviors形容词+名词,不法的行为

juvenile delinquency 名词,特指青少年的不法行为

illegality 名词,泛指所有违法行为。此外,immorality 名词,指的是不道德的行为,其实近似于违法行为,但是略有区别。同理,副词illegally和immorally也是类似的区别

wrongdoing / misconduct / delinquency 名词,都是指的是行为不端

3.犯罪率的表达方式

Crime rate / incident of crime

如何降低犯罪率,是经常在雅思写作中被讨论的话题。

Unbelievably high juvenile crime rate is plaguing many countries all over the world, and how to reduce it has become prime task for those governments for a long time.

雅思写作犯罪类话题思路指导

首先:关于犯罪的成因。无论是青少年犯罪或者成年人犯罪,首先应该想到的是经济问题,经济问题会影响社会的稳定,如失业率的提升,失学、食物匮乏、家庭负担加重甚至破产,这时就会滋生犯罪。而贫穷落后地区的儿童往往面临失学问题,也是造成青少年犯罪的重要原因。

由经济层面进入教育层面,大部分暴力犯罪者的受教育程度比较低,他们因为贫穷过早的进入社会,或者失业导致流落街头,这类人群冲动易怒,易发生冲突。

心理健康问题,这是比较容易忽略的问题。校园暴力者本身会存在心理问题,甚至场景是校园暴力,家庭暴力的受害者。

这里有一些特殊的犯罪比如网络诈骗、经济犯罪这些则是其他原因,要单独说。由于信息技术发达,个人信息安全遭到窃取,给网络诈骗可乘之机。还有就是一些机构腐败滋生。高科技犯罪者本身的受教育程度可能很高,智商也高,这时候我们要转换思路,这类高科技犯罪背后的原因是法律意识淡薄。

犯罪情节由轻到重包括:校园暴力、盗窃、杀人,经济犯罪、网络诈骗等。近年来青少年犯罪的相关新闻比较多见,建议考生多关注相关报道,新闻中会给出相关的事件分析。

分析完成因,后面就要考虑如何降低犯罪,按照情节的严重程度做不同的处理。情节轻微的,小惩小戒,情节严重者就要毫不留情的处罚,甚至拘禁。

面对青少年犯罪,对于情节较轻的一般采取纠正引导。情节严重的如盗窃、伤人,那么就需要采取一定处罚措施,情节严重到伤人的,则应该依法采取措施。有严重暴力倾向,反人类的行为的青少年,建议采取心理治理和法律约束。同时对被害人也需要进行心理治疗。

然而预防青少年犯罪才是从根本上减少或降低犯罪伤害的有效措施。来自学校,管教所和家庭的教育很重要。最后,为了避免再次误入歧途,视情况为青少年罪犯提供必要的帮助和就业指导等。

最后,如何有效地降低犯罪或抑制犯罪,当然是提高就业率和加强国家的安全意识。

关于反复犯罪,并不能完全依靠监狱解决,监狱能关住的只有严重暴力倾向的罪犯,而大部分初犯者,他们的人生还很长,需要社会的重新接纳。

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