容易产生压力和疲倦(easily induce fatigue and stress)，对健康是一种威胁(a threat to health);
减少了休闲的时间(a drop in leisure time)，导致工作和家庭之间的冲突(lead to work-family conflicts);
长时间的工作未必都有效率和效益(long hours are not necessarily productive hours);加班的收人 (extra pay)不能补偿时间所产生的压力(high pay can't compensate for unrelenting time pressure);
长时间工作导致士气低(low morale)，旷工和辞职率髙(high absenteeism and turnover)。
对工作热情(commitment toward their work)的一种体现;
提高收人(improve take-home pay)的一种途径;
争取工作和晋升的机会(increase job security and promotion opportunities)
In recent years, working hours have become a controversial issue, at a time when employees' benefits have been given serious thought. Although the extension of working hours is believed to have an impact on general well-being and result in work-family conflict and job stress, this practice is remarkably popular in many countries, I am supportive of the argument that long working hours have a negative impact upon individuals, the organisations they work for, and ultimately upon the national economy and society as a whole.
To job holders, working long hours triggers at least two problems. It is not only to damage personal relationships (with families particularly)， disrupt social lives and impede community activities but also to cause a feeling of stress, a psychological disturbance that is experienced by many working people. It also tends to exert pressure on the employment market and make fewer employment opportunities available. Those with caring responsibilities for example, would be disadvantaged, because they are either unable or unwilling to work long hours, A high unemployment rate is always regarded as a threat to a country's economy.
To employers, long working hours, although promising maximum benefit from limited resources every now and then, have destructive effects in the long term. The primary reason is that employees tend to be less productive, and meanwhile, at greater risks of sickness. It would lead not only to the lower quality of work outputs but also to high turnover and absenteeism. As a result, employers have to spend much more on recruiting and training new workers. To a country as a whole, it has chronic effects, disabling the optimisation of resource use, human capital and natural resources.
Some might argue that it is reasonable for an employer to expect some degree of flexibility during a particularly busy period, but to those employers, reliance on the jobs with extended hours has the tendency to become a regular event. Tolerance of this practice would allow employers to exploit labour and disregard the benefits that employees are entitled for, thereby posing a challenge to the legal system. It is time that employers assessed alternatives like rescheduling， flexible working arrangements and job redesign to explore the full potential of each employee.
As shown from the above discussion one can see no reason why working long hours is acceptable. It would lead to low productivity and frequent sick leaves, thereby doing more harm than good to employers and the society alike.
找工作 look for a job;
申请工作apply for a job;
签约雇用某人 sign some up;
自己做生意run one's own business;
递交辞呈hand in one’s resignation;
解雇某人 dismiss some;
首段：背景介绍 + 争议焦点 + 作家立场
The proportion of one’s life allocating to work is very high，therefore，acceptance about one's career must reflect how an individual feels about his or her life, in this sense, job contentment is indeed crucial for people’s happiness. One of the characteristics of modern work is that people enjoy more freedom in their career options. A heated debate is that a jobless situation is superior to embarking on a job that one takes less interest in. Personally speaking, provided that the work is not that boring or unacceptable, even the dullest job, is to most people, less painful than idleness.
Provided that the work is not excessive in amount, even the dullest job, is to most people, less painful than idleness. 假如工作不是特别令人厌倦的或者不可接受的话，即使是最枯燥的工作也比无所事事要强。
For a start, working, even though we take less interest in, by occupying time so constructively, makes one contented and with no time for boredom. Besides, many benefits ensue, securing a job enables one to be independent both economically and spiritually. To be the bread-winner of the family not only brings about personal sense of security but also effectively harmonize family relationship because a stable job is, to many parents, a kind of spiritual consolation. Plus, one has better personal resources to draw on by taking up a job, a well-connected interpersonal relationship is definitely an indispensable source of well-being. My personal story could justify my stand, I, originally, have no alternative but to work as a freelance English teacher though my dream career is a professional self-traveler, however, the sense of career fulfillment gradually grew on me when my painstaking efforts helped many ambitious young adults realize their dreams. Most importantly, my circle of friends has been greatly enlarged.
1. Working，by occupying time so constructively, makes one contented and with no time for boredom. 因为工作填满了时间的空隙，使人心满意足，再也没有无聊之感。
2. One has better personal resources to draw on by taking up a job 工作使人拥有良好的人脉资源。
3. A well-connected interpersonal relationship is definitely an indispensable source of well-being. 良好的人际关系是幸福不可缺少的源泉。
三段：让步段：让步原题观点的合理性 + 加以反驳
To be sure, I have to concede that it is a success if one can combine personal interest with career choice. After all, interest is the best simulation of work. It is conceivable that our infinite potential could be tapped and our devotion of work could be strengthened if we can zero in on what our hearts desire. By contrast, we might feel a little bit bored and gloomy when we undertake a job only for the purpose earning a decent living. That is why a number of people prefer to be out-of-work rather than reluctantly choose one job that agonizes them. What I want to refute, however, is that a man with great wisdom should, first of all, land a job, then, opt for dream work, and finally carve out his own career if possible.
1. land a job 找到工作
2. zero in on专注于……
3. A number of people prefer to be out-of-work rather than reluctantly choose one job that agonizes them.很多人宁可自己待业也不喜欢违背意愿做自己不喜欢的工作。
4. What I want to refute, however, is that a man with great wisdom should, first of all, land a job, then, opt for dream work, and finally carve out his own career if possible. 我想反驳的是，对于智者而言，先就业，后择业，如有可能自我创业才是人生的成功。
Overall, my stand is that it is up to us to find the ways and means to ideal career each of us seek and long for. However, a stable job is to a college leaver or unemployed youngster what water is to fish.
It is up to us to find the ways and means to find ideal career each of us seek and long for我们要自己找到追求渴望的理想的事业。
A stable job is to a college leaver or unemployed youngster what water is to fish. 一份稳定的工作对于大学毕业的新鲜人或者失业的年轻人就如同水对于鱼。
It is true that seeking for a decent job is not as easy as decades ago due to the economic recession and competitive job market. Although some may argue that a sense of satisfaction towards their jobs is crucial, personally, I believe that a permanent job is more meaningful.
On the one hand, a permanent job can guarantee to meet employee’s basic needs. This is because almost no one can escape from the reality. Everyday, we are facing with a variety of expenses, such as food, shelter, transport, bill and even education tuition for children. With a relatively stable job, people, especially those in middle aged can cover most expenses. In addition, those who stay in the same company or institute are more likely to get a promotion as they show the loyalty towards their company. However, those who change their jobs frequently may meet unintended outcomes. For example, they may find difficult to support themselves and raise their family members.
On the other hand, those advocates for pursuing a job they love might regard job satisfaction as the priority when finding an employment. They believe only working with friendly colleagues and employers and under a flexible working time schedule, can they fulfill their potential and accomplish all tasks well. However, this idea is unrealistic. For example, dozens of young graduates have the bitter result because of their immature thought, that is unemployment.
In my opinion, there is no perfect job in the world. The only thing we can do is to find a suitable job rather than a perfect one. There is a 10,000 hours theory in psychology that people who devote themselves to jobs and spend more than 10,000 hours constantly can become experts in that field. This theory tells us a plain fact that no one can achieve a sense of job satisfaction without years of efforts and persistence.
In conclusion, people having a constant job are more likely to have a promising job career and wellbeing.