高一英语课本单元练习-必修一Unit3Travel journal(含答案和解析)

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  之前和大家分享了人教版高一英语必修一Unit3 Travel journal的语言知识点,现在我们来做点练习巩固一下吧!

  Unit3 Travel journal

  Ⅰ. 单句语法填空

  1.(2016·天津卷,12改编)I'm going to take advantage __of__this tour to explore the history of the castle.

  解析:句意:我要利用这次旅行来探索这个城堡的历史。使用短语take advantage of,意为“利用”。

  2.—My dear, you are always __throwing__(throw) things about.Look, what a mess in the room!

  —Sorry, Mom.

  解析:考查时态。句意:——亲爱的,你总是把东西扔得到处都是。看,你的房间多乱啊!——对不起,妈妈。由句意可知,此处妈妈在埋怨孩子把东西到处乱扔,所以用进行时态,因为进行时态与always、forever、constantly等表示频率的词连用,表示说话者的埋怨、评判或者表扬等语气,意为“总是,老是”。

  3.—Got your driving license?

  —Yes.It is a week since I __passed__(pass) the driving test.

  解析:考查时态。since所接从句用一般过去时态,主句用现在完成时态。

  4.I __am_finishing__(finish) my work.Please wait for me for a while, and then let's go home together.

  解析:考查现在进行时表将来。根据句子后半部分“请等我一会,咱们一起回家”可知工作马上要完成了,所以此处用现在进行时表示将来。

  5.In May, as __scheduled__(schedule), the product was launched, apparently with great success.

  解析:考查省略句。句意:今年五月,这个产品按计划推出,显然十分成功。把从句补全后应为:as the product was scheduled。

  6.The reports went missing in 2012 and nobody __has_seen__(see) them since.

  解析:本题考查动词时态。句意:这报告在2012年遗失了,自那之后没人看见过。由第二个分句的关键词since可知,此处要用现在完成时态。

  7.Parents should have a proper attitude __to/toward(s)__ boys who have suffered so much from an addiction __to__ computer games.

  解析:attitude to/toward(s) sb./sth.“对某人或某事的态度,看法”;addiction to sth.“沉溺于……”。

  8.According to the news, there will not be as many entertainment programs __as__ usual on television.

  解析:句意:根据新闻,在电视上将不会像往常那样有那么多的娱乐节目了。as usual“像往常”,符合句意。

  9.She couldn't wait __to_go__(go) home after such a long and tiring journey.

  解析:考查非谓语动词。句意:经过这么漫长又令人疲倦的旅行之后,她迫不及待地想回家。couldn't wait to do sth.“迫不及待做某事”为固定搭配。

  10.It being Sunday, rather than __stay__(stay) at home, I preferred __to_travel__(travel).

  解析:prefer to do rather than do...“宁愿而不愿……”。句意:因为今天是周日,我宁愿去旅行而不愿待在家里。

  11.(2015·陕西,20改编)I believe you will have a wonderful time here __once__you get to know everyone else.

  解析:once“一旦”,引导条件状语从句。句意:你一旦认识了这儿的任何别的人,我相信你会在这儿玩得很愉快。

  12.__Once__you start eating in a healthier way, weight control will become much easier.

  解析:本题考查状语从句引导词的选择。句意:一旦你开始用一种更健康的方式吃,体重控制将会变得容易得多。once“一旦,一经”,引导时间状语从句。根据句中的关键词语in a healthier way(用一种更健康的方式)和weight control will become much easier(体重控制将会变得容易得多)可知应用once来引导时间状语从句。

  13.—Hi, let's go skating.

  —Sorry, I'm busy right now.I __am_filling__(fill) in an application form for a new job.

  解析:考查动词时态。根据时间状语right now的提示可知,空格处应为正在发生的动作,故用进行时。句意:——嗨,我们去滑冰吧。——抱歉,我现在很忙。我正在填一份新工作的申请表。

  14.I have heard a lot of good things about you __since__ I came back from abroad.

  解析:本题考查状语从句。句意:自从我从国外回来,我已经听说了很多关于你的好事了。由主句时态用了现在完成时,可知时间是“自从过去时间以来”,故选since自从……以来。

  15.This machine is very easy __to_operate__(operate).Anybody can learn to use it in a few minutes.

  解析:本题考查动词不定式。句意:这台机器很容易操作,任何人在几分钟之内都能学会使用它。在“be+性质形容词+不定式”结构中,应用不定式的主动形式表达被动意义。常见的此类形容词有easy, hard, difficult, interesting, heavy,pleasant, comfortable, safe, dangerous, impossible等,该类形容词说明的是不定式的性质。

  Ⅱ. 完成句子

  1.__As__ __usual__(像往常一样), he is the first student to come to the classroom and the last one to leave.

  2.Our teachers always encourage us not __to__ __give__ __in__(屈服) to difficulties and make full use of what we have to realize our dreams.

  3.She has been worrying about her son __ever__ __since__(从……时起) she heard that he was ill.

  4.In order to __persuade__ __his__ __father__ __to__ __give__ __up__ __smoking__ (说服他爸爸戒烟), he always asks the doctor for help.

  5.He __prefers__ __to__(宁愿) do some sports with his classmates __rather__ __than__(而不愿)stay at home doing nothing.

  6.说实在的,曾有一段时间我迫不及待地想见到我久别的朋友们。

  Honestly speaking, there was a time when I __couldn't__ __wait__ __to__ __see__ my friends whom I hadn't seen for a long time.

  7.不管发生什么事情,我都支持你。

  __No__ __matter__ __what(=Whatever)__happens, I will support you.

  8.他一旦作了决定,就从不改变主意。

  Once he makes a decision, __he__ __will__ __never__ __change__ __his__ __mind__.

  9.他跑得很快以至于我们班没有人能追上他。

  __So__ __fast__ __does__he run that no one in our class can catch up with him.

  10.通过几天的相处,我发现他很容易相处。

  After days of staying with him, I find him __easy__ __to__ __get__ __along__ __with__.

  Ⅲ. 单句改错

  1.We have made up our mind to spare every effort to be admitted into key universities.

  __mind→minds__

  2.Determining to train his daughter in English, he put an ad for an English tutor in the paper.

  __Determining→Determined__

  3.The excited boy couldn't wait open his birthday presents.

  __wait后加to__

  4.She preferred living with the animals and study them to teach at the university.

  __teach→teaching__

  5.She insisted that I went to the prison to visit her brother with her.

  __went→go__

  6.In my view, the new flat is very comfortable to live.

  __live后加in__

  Ⅳ. 语篇填空

  I am fond of my sister ①__but__ she has one serious shortcoming.She can be really stubborn.②__Although__she didn't know the best way of getting to places, she insisted that she ③__(should)organize__(organize) the trip properly.Now I know that the proper way is always her way.I kept ④__asking__ (ask) her, “When are we leaving and when are we coming back?” I asked her ⑤__whether__ she had looked at a map yet.Of course she hadn't;my sister doesn't care ⑥__about__ details.So I told her that the source of the Mekong is in Qinghai Province.She gave me ⑦__a__ determined look—the kind that said she would not change ⑧__her__ mind.When I told her that our journey would begin ⑨__at__ an altitude of more than 5,000 metres, she seemed to be ⑩__excited__(excite) about it.

  Ⅴ. 教材原句

  1.She give me a __determined__ (determine) look-the kind that said she would not change __her__mind.

  解析:第一空考查词形转换,此处填形容词修饰look;第二空考查固定短语“change one's mind”。

  2.So I told her that the source of the Mekong __is__ (be) in Qinghai Province.

  解析:考查时态。宾语从句中时态与主句应保持一致,但此处为客观真理,故用一般现在时。

  3.I am fond __of__ my sister but she has one serious short coming.

  解析:考查固定搭配“be fond of”意为“喜欢,喜爱”。

  4.Ever since middle school, my sister Wang Wei and I __have_dreamed__ (dream) about taking a great bike trip.

  解析:考查现在完成时态,根据前文“ever since”可知答案。

  5.We found a large atlas with good maps __that/which__ showed details of world geography.

  解析:考查定语从句。that/which在从句中作主语且代替先行词maps。

  6.Wang Wei soon got them __interested__(interest) in cycling too.

  解析:考查“get+宾语+宾补”结构。

  7.In the late afternoon we found it was so cold __that__ our water bottles froze.

  解析:考查“so...that...”句式。

  8.At one point we were so high that we found ourselves __cycling__(cycle) through clouds.

  解析:考查“find+宾语+宾补”结构,cycle动作正在进行。

  9.At midnight the sky became clearer and the stars grew __brighter__ (bright).

  解析:根据空前的“became clearer”可知答案。

  10.We will reach Dali in Yunnan province soon, __where__ our cousins Dao Wei and Yu Hang will join us.

  解析:考查定语从句。从句中不缺主语和宾语,先行词表示地点,故用where。

  Ⅵ. 话题写作

  用本单元所学知识完成下列句子,并按照逻辑连成短文。

  1.我们的邻居老王,喜欢旅游而不愿意呆在家里。

  Our neighbour Mr Wang prefers travelling to__staying_at_home__.

  2.上个月,邻居老王说服我们和他一起去旅游。

  Last month,our neighbor Mr Wang__persuaded_us_to_join__in his journey.

  3.他很靠得住,关注准备工作的每个细节。

  He was quite__reliable__and__cared_about__every detail of the preparation work.

  4.他选择了路线,找了交通工具并且制定了日程表。

  He chose the route,__found_the_transport__and__made_the_schedule__.

  5.他组织的这次旅行让我们很高兴。

  The journey__organized_by_him__made us happy.

  6.这次旅游让我们发现老王很好相处。

  From the journey we realize that Mr Wang__is_good_to_get_along/on_with__.

  组篇公式:将句2和句3改为含有状语从句的复合句。

  【参考答案】

  Our neighbor Mr Wang prefers travelling to staying at home.Last month,he persuaded us to join in his journey, because we know he was quite reliable and cared about every detail of the preparation work.Then he chose the route, found the transport and made the schedule.The journey organized by him made us happy.From the journey we realize that Mr Wang is good to get along/on with.

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