构词法-2018高考英语语法专练(含答案和解析)

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  英语有很多词汇是经过转化、派生和合成等形式构成的,因此学习高考英语构词法十分重要。今天,我们就以练习的方式来具体学习一下吧!

  Ⅰ. 根据语境,用所给词的适当形式填空

  1.It is __illegal__(legal) to drive after drinking alcohol in most countries.

  解析:句意:大多数国家,酒后开车违法。

  2.__Misleading__ (lead) advertisements are not allowed by law.

  解析:句意:法律不允许误导的广告。

  3.It is __unreasonable__(reasonable)to stick to this absurd proposal.

  解析:句意:坚持这种荒谬的建议是不合理的。

  4.You must be __illiterate__(literate) if you have not heard of Shakespeare.

  解析:句意:如果你没听说过莎士比亚,那你一定很无知。

  5.There exists the __imbalance__(balance) between the rich and poor countries.

  解析:句意:富国与穷国之间存在着不平衡。

  6.Her illness had made her completely __immobile__(mobile).

  解析:句意:她的病使得她完全不能活动了。

  7.His identity is __unknown__(know) to us so we have to confirm.

  解析:句意:他的身份为我们所不知,所以我们得证实。

  8.He seems to be __unaware__(aware)of the trouble he is making.

  解析:句意:他似乎不知道他正造成的麻烦。

  9.Jim is __impatient__(patient)with his little sister who is so noisy.

  解析:句意:吉姆对他吵闹的小妹妹不耐烦。

  10.The __unexpected__(expect)death of her son made her sad.

  解析:句意:她儿子意外死亡让她很悲伤。

  11.Running a business without a budget(预算) is __impractical__(practical).

  解析:句意:经营生意而没有预算是不实际的。

  12.The government __disclosed__(close) that another ambassador had been arrested for spying.

  解析:句意:政府公开另一个外交大使因间谍罪被逮捕。

  13.The bright dress is __improper__(proper)for a funeral.

  解析:句意:鲜艳的衣服不合适参加葬礼。

  14.This delay was __unavoidable__(avoidable)so we had to be patient.

  解析:句意:延迟不可避免,所以我们得耐心。

  15.His income is __inadequate__(adequate) to meet his basic needs and he has to find another job.

  解析:句意:他的收入不足以满足基本要求,他得再找份工作。

  16.Students get a __discount__(count)of 25% on plane tickets.

  解析:句意:学生享有25%的机票折扣。

  17.The water is __unfit__(fit)for drinking and you have to go without water.

  解析:句意:这水不适宜饮用,你只能不喝水了。

  18.It's __dishonest__(honesty)to lie about one's age.

  解析:句意:谎报自己的年龄是不诚实的。

  19.The injured man was __incapable__(capable)of walking, so he had to be carried.

  解析:句意:那个受伤的人不能走路,所以他得被人背着。

  20.He was __unable__(ability)to sleep at night because of his anxiety.

  解析:句意:由于焦虑,晚上他不能入睡。

  Ⅱ. 用所给词的正确形式填空

  1.The Chinese people are very __friendly__(friend) to foreigners.

  解析:空处应填friend的形容词形式。

  2.I think it'll be __sunny__(sun)this afternoon.

  解析:空处应填形容词作表语。

  3.David moved __cautiously__(caution) forward.

  解析:句意:大卫小心翼翼地往前挪。

  4.Without reform, social and economic problems can only be __worse__(bad).

  解析:句意:没有改革,社会和经济问题只会每况愈下。

  5.The teacher gave them __instructions__(instruct)to arrive early tomorrow morning.

  解析:句意:老师命令他们明天早晨要早到。

  6.Excessive dosage(剂量)of this drug can result in __injury__(injure)to the liver.

  解析:名词injury表示“伤害”。

  7.“Thank you.” is a polite __expression__(express) which is widely used in English.

  解析:a polite expression表示“一种礼貌的表达”。

  8.He __bravely__(brave)went into the burning house to rescue the baby. Everybody present praised him for his __bravery__(brave).

  解析:第一空用副词修饰动词;第二空前有物主代词his,后面用名词。

  9.Most Chinese like drinking tea, while __Americans__(America) like coffee.

  解析:Americans与前一句中Chinese相呼应。

  10.More and more people go in for sports in modern __times__(time).

  解析:in modern/ancient times“在现代/古代”,为固定搭配。

  11.Nice to meet you, Tom. Did you have a good __flight__(fly)?

  解析:形容词后接名词。

  12.Too much hunting __endangered__(danger) many species in the past.

  解析:动词作谓语,根据in the past可知用一般过去时。

  13.Harry Potter is a boy who is full of __imagination__(imagine).

  解析:名词imagination表示“想象力”。

  14.After __graduation/graduating__(graduate), he left China for America for further study.

  解析:介词后接名词或动名词。

  15.If you want to go __traveling__(travel), you'd better get everything ready in advance.

  解析:go traveling/swimming/fishing/camping/shopping等为固定结构。

  16.Which means of __transportation__(transport) will you use if you travel to Beijing?

  解析:means of transportation“交通方式”。

  17.You should assume that the __winners__(win) would receive big money but they only got a certificate.

  解析:从后面的they可以看出,此处指“获胜者”,并且要用复数。

  18.__Surprisingly__(surprise), he should lose his temper in public.

  解析:副词surprisingly表示“令人吃惊地”,修饰整个句子。

  19.__Unexpectedly__(expect), the injured athlete came first in the 100-meter dash.

  解析:副词unexpectedly表示“出人意料地”,修饰整个句子。

  20.The fish is a bit __smelly__(smell). We can't eat it.

  解析:be动词后用形容词。smelly“臭的”。

  21.Look up the __meaning__(mean)of the word in the dictionary.

  解析:名词meaning表示“意思”。

  22.New __scientific__(science) discoveries are being made at an increasing speed.

  解析:形容词scientific表示“科学的”。

  23.The mother __undressed__(dress) her baby and gave it a bath.

  解析:动词undress表示“脱衣”,与gave一致,用过去时。

  24.The scenery of Zhangjiajie is so __attractive__(attract) that many tourists go there every year.

  解析:形容词attractive表示“迷人的”。

  25.The farmer was bitten to death by__poisonous__(poison) snakes.

  解析:形容词poisonous表示“有毒的”。

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